Odisha/Sambalpur District Coal Mining | Habitat Loss
The state government, with the involvement of the Odisha Forest Development Corporation started felling trees in the Talabira II and Talabira III coal blocks. Talabira, a revenue village, consists of five hamlets – Budhia Palli, Munda Pada, Padhan Palli, Khatun Pada and Padar.
The coal blocks lie close to the Sambalpur-Jharsuguda district boundary which is near the state highway 10, connecting the two district headquarters in Western Odisha. A total of 1,038.187 hectares of forest land in the Sambalpur and Jharsuguda forest divisions is planned to be diverted to pave way for the coal mining project.Tree felling has started in Sambalpur while trees in Jharsuguda will be cut down in the next phase.
Though the local environmentalists claimed that more than 40,000 trees had been cut
down , as of December 20, the officials refuted the charge. According to an Odisha
Forest Development Corporation official, only 17,000 trees had been cut down till the
date. The target number of trees to be cut, as per the inspection report, is 1,30,721 . The
OFDC official, while requesting anonymity, claimed that the cutting process in
Sambalpur district is now almost over.
Tribal rights activists claim that the forest has rich biodiversity and a threat to this could
be disastrous. Tribal rights and livelihood expert Y Giri Rao from Bhubaneswar said,
“The Forest Advisory Committee mentions that more than 1.35 lakh trees would be
felled. Out of total trees, 69% trees are of diameter more than 60 cm. It indicates the
good health of the forest. Further, the report mentions that soil and regeneration health
of Forest areas are good. The villagers have been protecting it since the 1980s. The
village also got a certificate from the forest department for their contribution for the
conservation of forests.”
Government documents claim that the forests in this part of Odisha host plant species
such as sal, mahul, asan, dhaura, jamun, mango and char. The faunal species in the area are snake, squirrel, jackal, mongoose and others.
The village residents had formed an organisation called Talabira Gramya Jungle
Committee and had appointed a guard, paying him three kilograms of rice per family for
protecting the forest.
“We have protected this forest for more than 50 years. Around 3,000 people are
dependent on this forest . which is around 970 hectares in area . Now, these trees are
being cut down by the government for coal,” Hemant Kumar Raut, a resident of Khinda
He added that when he and his neighbours went to the district collector, they were told
that the forest belonged to the government and the villagers had no right or say
regarding what the government did with it.
Now that they have no land and bereft of the hope of saving the forest they so longingly
grew, they are now preparing to leave the village if they get compensation . For the tribal
inhabitants, the ongoing logging exercise is nothing sort of bereavement as the forests
have been their part for so long.
Guarded by heavy police and security forces, tree felling in Talabira started in early
December 2019. While the locals estimated that around 40,000 trees were felled, official
sources placed the number at ‘only’ 15,000.
The proposed Talabira II and III blocks coal mining project belongs to the Neyveli
Lignite Corporation (NLC) India. The Odisha state government submitted a proposal in
May 2014 to obtain approval of the Union government for diversion of the 1038 hectares
of forest land. This included 4.051 hectares under the safety zone within the leasehold
area of 1914.063 hectares allocated for opencast coal projects (OCP) in Jharsuguda
and Sambalpur Forest Divisions.
Stage II clearances for the project came through in March 2019. The Ministry of
Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) gave permission to divert the
forest land for an opencast coal mining project. Locals said that the permission was
given based on forged Gram Sabha resolutions. For forest land to be diverted for
non-forest use, the consent of the communities living there in the form of Gram Sabha
resolutions are mandatory, as per the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006.
The destruction of forests in the region is also a grave violation of the Forest Rights Act
(FRA) 2006. According to the National Alliance of People’s Movement (NAPM), one of